Summer is finally here, which means lots of hiking, swimming, beachgoing, and other fun outdoor activities. While everyone should enjoy the season’s thrills and opportunities for relaxation, it is important to not forget about eye safety. During this time of year, the level of damaging ultraviolet radiation (UVA and UVB) is at least three times higher than during the winter. Safeguard the health of your eyes by wearing a high-quality pair of sunglasses that offers 100% UVA and UVB protection.
Sunglasses are more than just a stylish fashion accessory. Proper sunglasses are designed to shield your eyes from damaging sun exposure. They are perfect for keeping out dirt, dust and wayward debris as well. And they prevent headaches and migraines due to bright light. While it is easy to forget them at home, make it a priority to carry and wear a pair anytime you are outdoors during daylight hours, including in the water, and especially when using medication that can cause photosensitivity.
In the short term, not wearing sunglasses could prove hazardous when driving in sunny weather. The long-term effects of failing to wear sunglasses can be quite dire. The constant exposure to the sun’s radiation can lead to skin cancer around the eyes in addition to causing cataracts, a clouding of the eye’s lens that can blur vision. An estimated 20% of cataracts cases are caused by extended UV exposure. Another consequence is macular degeneration, a leading cause of blindness. Macular degeneration results from damage to the retina that destroys central vision.
Another potential health consequence of sun-related eye damage is pterygium. Pterygium is a tissue growth over the white of the eye that can cause astigmatism. Unprotected sun exposure can also exacerbate pre-existing eye issues like glaucoma. As if that is not enough, eye strain from bright light forces you to squint and can lead to premature wrinkles around the eyes.
When selecting sunglass, choose a pair that lines up with the brow, but does not touch the eyelashes. Poor fitting sunglasses will allow harmful radiation to leak into the skin and eyes.
Make sure they offer 100% protection from both UVA & UVB rays, otherwise they are not worth your money. Remember, sunglasses will not protect your eyes from tanning beds/lights, snowfields, or staring directly at the sun. For the best protection, ophthalmologists recommend wearing a wide-brimmed hat with your sunglasses while enjoying summertime fun. For even more ophthalmologist related information, visit Accutome online today.